How to draw a horse

cindy 2019-11-13 233

Learn exactly how to draw a horse with this step-by-step guide, plus video tutorials to take things further.

01. How to draw a horse’s legs

Contrary to popular belief, horses do not have 'backward knees'. Their knees are just not as obvious as those of a human. It's the same with a horse’s shoulders: it’s not immediately obvious that the shoulders of a horse are actually more front-facing, rather than being positioned at the top of the horse’s back. 

The hoof of a horse is structurally similar to our middle finger or toe. Once you understand these key points, the process of drawing horses will start to make a lot more sense.

02. How to draw a horse spine

The curve of a horse’s back is not made by a curved spine. In fact, the spine is quite straight – the curves you see are the spinous processes, which are projections on each vertebra that muscles connect to. Above the shoulders, the spine runs closer to the middle of the neck than the back. By knowing where a horse’s neck bends from, you will be able to draw a horse’s neck better in different positions.

03. Understand the main skeleton

A horse’s rib cage has a similar shape to a human’s, but remember ribs don’t extend to the bottom of the belly. Also, muscle, fat and skin can make the rib cage look bigger than it really is. 

What about a horse's head? Well, a horse’s skull is triangular, with a large jaw that has a wide area for muscles to attach to. Meanwhile, a horse’s pelvis is flatter than a human’s because a horse doesn’t stand upright, so its pelvis doesn’t bear weight.

04. Draw the main shapes of a horse

We're now ready to put pen to paper and draw a horse. Start with the front half of the torso, which is kind of bean-shaped. Then we have the front and back sides of the horse, which feel like padding around the bean. 

The neck has to be thick because of the muscles required to hold the head up. For the horse's head, we can follow what we did previously with the skull and add some big muscle shapes towards the back of the jaw. 

05. Create a loose gesture drawing

Now that we understand the most important parts of a horse and have the basic shapes down, we can create a loose sketch. It's almost like a cave drawing, but you can see indications of the directions of the legs, the angle of the pelvis, the rib cage and midsection. 

The head and neck are strongly indicated and the position of the tail shows that the horse is in motion. The gesture sketch communicates the most vital information about your subject.

06. Focus on sketch language

Sketch language lets us take visual notes so that we can effectively finish our work later. In this case, we want to indicate landmarks where the horse's bones influence the skin surface the most, such as at the joints. This is where the indications of bones are clearest and lead into the muscular areas. We can use these indications to suggest the directions of the bones as well. 

07. Redraw the horse in detail

Accurate landmarks in the horse sketch make this job much easier. Look at every simplified line and see how more anatomical information can be added. Use straight lines for muscles that are stretched or taut with tension, and curved lines for parts that are softer or being compressed.

Add subtleties to the muscles and detail to the horse’s features, to make the anatomy easier to read. While you're doing this, take care to maintain the essence of the original sketch. 

08. Look at the subtle angles of your horse

Perfect profile or head-on drawings can feel graphic and staged. Think about subtle angles: for example, the horse’s eyes and the position of its head could be almost in profile, with a hint of the other eye is visible to add more life. It's also important that the positions of the front and back pairs of legs are subtly different from one another – making them identical makes the horse look very robotic.

09. Think about line weight

Line weight can communicate many things. We can use it to emphasise the size of the horse’s torso. Line weight can also separate one element from the other, like in the front legs. Areas where bones are indicated are harder, which gives them sharper shadows, which can be represented with stronger line weight. For more subtle lines such as muscle definition, draw a few thin lines side by side to indicate a softer line. 

10. Add context with secondary action

The final step in how to draw a horse is to add secondary actions, such as the mane and tail hair blowing in the wind. These elements add dynamics to our drawings, and are vital for showing motion in action scenes. 

When showing secondary action, remember to consider line weight and where shadows will fall. Secondary action can also refer to external elements that are affected by the horse, like a cloud of dust that the horse kicks up as it gallops.

That's it! You should now know how to draw a horse. But if you'd like more tips, you'll find some fantastic additional tutorials to help you draw better horses on the next page.

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